Why do antibiotics increase salmenolla fecal excretion?

Cornelius Fay asked a question: Why do antibiotics increase salmenolla fecal excretion?
Asked By: Cornelius Fay
Date created: Wed, Apr 7, 2021 9:11 PM

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Those who are looking for an answer to the question «Why do antibiotics increase salmenolla fecal excretion?» often ask the following questions:

❓ How does antibiotics prolonged salmonella fecal excretion?

because when you damage the salmonella by the Antibiotics you will release its content to blood and GI and cause more symptoms (remember that salmonella can cause disease only when its in large amount 10 power 7)

❓ How does antibiotics prolongs salmonella fecal excretion?

It has been reported that antibiotics may give rise to an intermittent pattern of faecal germ excretion in Salmonella‐infected patients. 13 However, it seems unlikely that this factor could have determined the discrepancy regarding

❓ What medication is used to increase urine excretion?

diuretic

8 other answers

Original Article from The New England Journal of Medicine — Effect of Antibiotic Therapy in Acute Salmonellosis on the Fecal Excretion of Salmonellae logo-32 logo-40

It has been reported that antibiotics may give rise to an intermittent pattern of faecal germ excretion in Salmonella‐infected patients. 13 However, it seems unlikely that this factor could have determined the discrepancy regarding our findings on the duration of faecal excretion of Salmonella in antibiotic‐treated patients, since the vast majority of our patients were treated for only a short period of time during the acute phase.

When the scientists gave oral antibiotics to mice infected with Salmonella typhimurium, a bacterial cause of food poisoning, a small minority — so called “superspreaders” that had been shedding high numbers of salmonella in their feces for weeks — remained healthy; they were unaffected by either the disease or the antibiotic. The rest ...

Animal studies support the hypothesis that antibiotics do this by suppressing the “protective” effects of endogenous intestinal bacterial flora, which results in recrudescence of the hardy Salmonella species.

Second, use of antibiotics in animal feeds and indiscriminant use of antibiotics in humans increase antibiotic resistance in salmonellae by promoting transfer of R factors. Salmonellosis is a major public health problem because of its large and varied animal reservoir, the existence of human and animal carrier states, and the lack of a concerted nationwide program to control salmonellae.

Non-typhoidal salmonellosis is usually self-limiting and Tx with ampicillin can increase excretion time of bacteria. Tx with antibiotics is indicated if the individual is age <3 months, immunocompromised or systemically unwell/septic. In contrast Shigella should be treated with ampicillin or TMP-SMX unless very mild.

Synopsis: HLA-B27 positivity, which predisposes to the development of reactive arthritis after Salmonella infection, had no apparent effect on the duration of fecal Salmonella excretion or upon the severity of the infection. Source: Ekman P, et al. Modification of disease outcome in Salmonella-infected patients by HLA-B27.

While the use of critically important antibiotics in animal production may be cause for concern regarding food quality, the presence of critically important antibiotics in animal manure may represent an even larger threat due to potential introduction of antibiotic residues, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and antimicrobial resistance genes to environmental systems.

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We've handpicked 22 related questions for you, similar to «Why do antibiotics increase salmenolla fecal excretion?» so you can surely find the answer!

Pulmonary excretion of drugs?

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PULMONARY EXCRETION

Gaseous and volatile substances such as general anesthetics (Halothane) are absorbed through lungs by simple diffusion. Pulmonary blood flow, rate of respiration and solubility of substance effect PE. Intact gaseous drugs are excreted but not metabolites.

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Routes of drug excretion?

Routes Of Drug Excretion (7 days ago) Drug excretion is the removal of drugs from the body, either as a metabolite or unchanged drug. There are many different routes of excretion, including urine, bile, sweat, saliva, tears, milk, and stool. By far, the most important excretory organs are the kidney and liver.

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What affects drug excretion?

Urine pH, which varies from 4.5 to 8.0, may markedly affect drug reabsorption and excretion because urine pH determines the ionization state of a weak acid or base (see Passive diffusion). Acidification of urine increases reabsorption and decreases excretion of weak acids, and, in contrast, decreases reabsorption of weak bases.

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What is drug excretion?

Excretion. Drug excretion is the removal of drugs from the body, either as a metabolite or unchanged drug. There are many different routes of excretion, including urine, bile, sweat, saliva, tears, milk, and stool.

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Why autists do fecal smearing?

The reason an autistic person might smear their faeces could be medical, sensory or behavioural and include: feeling unwell or in pain. being reluctant to wipe because toilet paper is too harsh. not knowing where faeces need to go.

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Metabolism and excretion of drugs?

Drug Excretion: Drugs can be excreted in their unchanged form or as metabolites by several routes including kidneys, lungs and intestine and to a lesser extent by sweat, salivary and mammary glands. Among these, the most important excretion channel for the majority of drugs is the kidney.

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Steps in renal drug excretion?

Renal Clearance of Drugs. Renal excretion is the major route of elimination from the body for most drugs. Drug disposition by the kidneys includes glomerular filtration, active tubular secretion, and tubular reabsorption (Fig. 2.12 ), such that renal drug clearance is defined by the following equation: Cl R = Cl F + Cl S − FR.

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What does drug excretion mean?

drug elimination factors affecting renal excretion drugs

Drug excretion is the removal of drugs from the body, either as a metabolite or unchanged drug. There are many different routes of excretion, including urine, bile, sweat, saliva, tears, milk, and stool.

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What factors affect drug excretion?

This factor affects only drugs whose absorption is pH sensitive. For such drugs, the higher the urine flow rate, the lower the reabsorption, drug excretion is greater. Urine flow rate does not affect the drug if excreted by glomerular filtration and tubular secretion. Blood flow to the kidney. This value is almost 1.2L/min and remains constant.

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What is drug excretion therapy?

Drug excretion is the removal of drugs from the body, either as a metabolite or unchanged drug. There are many different routes of excretion, including urine, bile, sweat, saliva, tears, milk, and stool. By far, the most important excretory organs are the kidney and liver.

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What is drug excretion treatment?

Drug excretion Excretion is the removal of drugs and their metabolites from the body.

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What drugs can cause fecal incontinence?

Fecal incontinence is the inability to delay defecation in a controlled manner. It may also be referred to as bowel incontinence, anal incontinence, soiling, or lack of bowel control. Continence occurs through complex physiologic mechanisms that involve the anal sphincters as well as intestinal motility (movement) and sensation. A key component in maintaining continence is stool consistency; controlling defecation when stool is liquid is much harder than when it is solid.

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Why autists do fecal smearing get?

Smearing feces can have a lot of factors driving the behavior. I will start with the most common and end with the least common causes. As a parent already mentioned, it can definitely be related to sensory issues. That means that the discomfort of...

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Why autists do fecal smearing make?

Fecal smearing is a taboo topic, and though it's not that common, some autistic children do do it. Why might that be, and what can be done about it? Why might that be, and what can be done about it? Fecal smearing is medically known as scatolia — but in plain English, it'd better be described as playing or otherwise messing with poop.

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Why autists do fecal smearing mean?

That means that the discomfort of feeling feces in a diaper, or the impulse to seek sensory input by smooshing the feces can be reasons for engaging in the behavior. Both are related to sensory skills, but one is a sensory seeking behavior and the other is a sensory avoiding behavior.

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Why autists do fecal smearing symptoms?

What is Fecal Smearing? Imagine walking into your children’s room late at night to check on them sleeping, only to find them smearing poop all over themselves or their room! Some children who play with poop also do so in front of other people or while away from home at school or visiting family members.

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Why autists do fecal smearing take?

Most every child smears feces, usually while still very young, below age three or four. Common sense dictates that only the low-functioning autistics, basically the mentally retarded, do so.

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Why autists do fecal smearing video?

Fecal smearing can be a highly distressing and socially isolating experience through which to parent when there is very little help. While toilet training is a common challenge among parents of children with autism, few people discuss the smearing of feces or bowel problems.

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Why autists do fecal smearing work?

That means that the discomfort of feeling feces in a diaper, or the impulse to seek sensory input by smooshing the feces can be reasons for engaging in the behavior. Both are related to sensory skills, but one is a sensory seeking behavior and the other is a sensory avoiding behavior.

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A drug that promotes water excretion?

Diuretic.

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How urine flow affect drug excretion?

factors affecting renal excretion drugs slideshare list drugs excreted bile

Urinary pH has a significant impact on excretion, as drug ionization changes depending on the alkaline or acidic environment. Increased excretion occurs with weakly acidic drugs in basic urine, and weakly basic drugs in acidic urine. Excretion in the bile is another significant form of drug elimination.

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Are urinary tract infections fecal or viral?

Urinary tract infections are bacterial (caused by bacteria).

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